2 March 2021: Pandemic Relief Music Award – March Winner

PathologyOutlines.com will celebrate 20 years of operation in August 2021 and wants to give back to some of those suffering during the COVID-19 pandemic. For 2021, we will be promoting select classical and jazz musicians each month on our website and with a cash stipend. Recipients of this award will be posted each month and will remain visible on the website throughout the year.

The March Recipient for this award is Six Mile Strings.

Six Mile Strings is a string quartet of friends (Yuri Popowycz, Natalie Frakes, Alycia Wilder and Tom Sullivan) who focus on performing classical and contemporary works. They aim to expand the scope and artistry of the traditional string quartet by working with artists of many genres and across disciplines. They have worked with a number of Detroit based artists spanning different genres including Greater Alexander, De’Sean Jones, Michael Malis, Madelyn Grant, Mario Sulaksana, Drew Schultz and more. 

Beyond the concert stage, all four musicians are social activists and educators. The quartet works to catalyze generative conversations that support the reinvention and reimagining of the classical string quartet through unique performance and active community engagement. 

In order to apply for a pandemic relief music award:

  1. The musician / ensemble must be based in the United States of America or Canada.
  2. The musician / ensemble must provide a media sample.
  3. The musician / ensemble must have a website or Facebook page that can be linked to.
  4. The musician / ensemble must have at least 2 or more audio / video recordings available via audio CD, online playlist, etc.

More information about the award, including application information, can be found on our website.

5 February 2021: Weekly Roundup #35

This is what’s new on PathologyOutlines.com:

1. What’s New in Gynecologic Pathology

Our What’s New in Gynecologic Pathology Part 1 e-newsletter will summarize important changes in the vulva, cervix and uterus based on the 5th edition of WHO Tumours of Female Reproductive Organs, published last year. Click here to subscribe to this great newsletter, which comes out 2 – 4 times per year.

2. New Resident / Fellow Advisory Board Appointments

We have appointed new members of our Resident / Fellow Advisory Board as of January 2021:

3. New COVID-19 Article

Our COVID-19 library (click on “Libraries” in our site navigation, then select COVID-19 Library) has a new article, Operation Moonshot rapid tests for COVID-19 barely work, posted 4 February 2021.

4. Curing Cancer Blog

Dr. Pernick has published a new essay in his blog, Curing Cancer – Part 7 – Random chronic stress / bad luck as a major cause of cancer.

Key concepts discussed are: (1) random chronic stress / bad luck is a major cause of cancer at some sites; (2) cancer often develops through rare bursts of activity in cells and their networks, not in a gradual, step-wide manner; (3) cancers due to random chronic stress may have better survival and other clinical differences compared to cancers due to traditional risk factors and (4) due to the presence of random chronic stress, cancer will always be with us; although we can prevent some cases, we can detect it earlier and we can treat it more effectively.

Click here to read parts 1 – 6 of this series and to follow Dr. Pernick’s blog.

18 December 2020: New Transfusion Medicine Topics

Interested in Transfusion Medicine? We have many newly written topics over the past 6 months and more to come:

Make sure to check out the entire transfusion medicine chapter on our website:

Follow our blog to get regular textbook updates (and more) directly to your inbox!

4 December 2020: Weekly Roundup #28

This is what’s new on PathologyOutlines.com this week:

1. COVID-19 Library

Our COVID-19 library now lists 4 topics from 2020:

2. New COVID-19 Article

We also have linked an obituary from The New York Times in our COVID-19 library: “Dr. Mary Fowkes, 66, Dies; Helped Science Understand the Pandemic.”

3. About PathologyOutlines.com

In response to some questions, we have started posting a history of our website on our About Us page, and you can read a brief story of our website on this page.

2 December 2020: Images of the Week

Here are just a few of this week’s new images from our free, online textbook:

Low grade intraosseous (central) osteosarcoma

Cellular fascicles of spindle cells with mild nuclear atypia in a fibrosclerotic stroma.

Contributed by Borislav A. Alexiev, M.D.

AML with inv(3)(q21.3;q26.2) or t(3;3)(q21.3;q26.2)

Bone marrow aspirate showing a hypolobated megakaryocyte, increased blasts and a pseudo-Pelger-Hüet neutrophil.

Contributed by Alexa J. Siddon, M.D.


Snapshot of dynamic microscopy from the pathologist end (10x objective), showing annotations and the control buttons.

Contributed by Jason A. Thomas, C.T. and Sigfred Lajara, M.D.

Liver & intrahepatic bile ducts → Viral hepatitis → COVID-19

Occasional cases (15%) have sinusoidal microthrombi (600x).

Contributed by Stephen M. Lagana, M.D.

How can you search the textbook?

For desktop / tablet, you can either use the Google search bar in the upper right corner or visit PathologyOutlines.com and then scroll down to where the 61 chapters are listed, as demonstrated below.

For mobile, visit PathologyOutlines.com, click on “Chapters by Subspecialty” (as demonstrated below) and then click on the subspecialty, chapter and topic.

For any device you can use your favorite browser and type in PathologyOutlines.com in addition to the search term.

27 November 2020: Weekly Roundup #27

This is what’s new on PathologyOutlines.com this week:

1. What’s New This Week

We have a new video, What’s New at PathologyOutlines.com in 90 seconds, posted on our homepage and on our YouTube channel. We also have a text summary if you are in a hurry.

2. New COVID-19 Article

Read the new article in our COVID-19 library: COVID-19 Antibodies May Provide Long-term Immunity, posted 24 November 2020; see also Science 2020 Oct 28 [Online ahead of print].

3. COVID-19 Pathology Related Experiences

Share your unique, interesting pathology related experiences concerning COVID-19 with pathologists around the world through PathologyOutlines.com. Email Dr. Pernick with up to 500 words about your experience at Nat@PathologyOutlines.com.

4. Talk to Us

How has PathologyOutlines.com been useful to you? Send us a 30 second video for possible posting on our YouTube page. You may email your video to Nat@PathologyOutlines.com or mention us on Twitter or Instagram.

5. Case of the Month #497

Our 497th case was posted last Thursday, 19th November. To view case #497, click here. You can also sign up for our monthly case newsletters and more on this page.

16 October 2020: COVID-19 News

We added 3 new posts to the COVID19 library:

COVID-19 Deadlier for Men than Women, posted 13 October 2020; see also Front Immunol 2020;11:2147

Walmart pilots program to deliver Covid-19 test kits by drone, posted 13 October 2020

COVID-19 is now the third leading cause of US death, posted 13 October 2020

11 September 2020: Libraries on PathologyOutlines.com

There are two major news updates about libraries on PathologyOutlines.com, which will be discussed below. To find these libraries, visit PathologyOutlines.com and click on “Libraries” in the navigation bar as illustrated below:

1. COVID-19 Library

We have merged the COVID-19 news page into our COVID-19 Library. We recently posted these 2 news items:

2. Roche pan-TRK (EPR17341) IHC IVD Assay

Roche has added a second library, titled “Roche pan-TRK (EPR17341) IHC IVD Assay“. This new library contains information about NTRK fusions and the pan-TRK assay.

28 August 2020: Weekly Roundup #22

Here’s what’s new on PathologyOutlines.com this week:

1. Chapter Mergers

We have now merged the Lung nontumor and tumor chapters into a single Lung chapter. Other recent chapter mergers include Colon, Liver and Breast.

2. Promotional Email Contest Winner #2

Christina Arnold, who works at the University of Colorado in Denver, has won the second PathologyOutlines.com Promotional Email Contest! For simply opening up PathologyOutlines.com email blasts, Christina has won a $50 Amazon gift card.

If you’d like a chance at winning, click here for sign up information and terms.

3. COVID-19 Library 

Visit our COVID-19 Library and its News section to stay up to date on what pathologists need to know.

4. COVID-19 Diagnostic Test

The FDA has issued an emergency use authorization for the SalivaDirect COVID-19 diagnostic test, developed by the Yale School of Public Health (ASH Clinical News, posted 21 August 2020). See also Yale Medicine.

21 August 2020: Weekly Roundup #21

1. COVID-19 News Page

We are starting a COVID-19 news page featuring articles you may have missed about COVID-19 and pathology. It is curated by Dr. Pat Tsang, Geisinger Commonwealth School of Medicine. It can be reached from our COVID-19 library, which you can find by selecting “Libraries” in our navigation bar and then selecting “COVID-19 Resources” when prompted. See the diagram below:

2. ASCP / CAP Conferences

ASCP and CAP are going virtual this year but they have made it easy to attend their conferences:

  • The ASCP annual meeting is free for members and $399 for nonmember pathologists. Click here for more information on the 2020 ASCAP annual meeting.
  • The CAP annual meeting is $150 for members, $450 for nonmembers and free for junior members. Click here for more information on the 2020 CAP annual meeting.